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Swamitva Scheme – Resolving Property Disputes in Villages in a Transparent Way

Swamitva scheme

Hindustan Times reported that in a first, PM Modi will hand over Aadhaar-like cards for properties mapped by drones. The report said that on October 11, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will hand over physical copies of property titles of their homes and the surrounding areas they own (as opposed to the cultivated land) to around 132,000 land owners across 763 villages.

This bit of information leads us to an important initiative of the Modi government which has been running as a pilot project and promising to ease the lives of rural people and sparing them from opaque processes of local administration. The initiative is called Swamitva scheme.

The Swamitva Scheme

The Swamitva scheme was launched in pilot mode in 6 states on April 24, 2020 on the occasion of Panchayati Raj Diwas. It helps to map rural inhabited lands using drones and latest survey methods. The scheme is meant to ensure streamlined planning, revenue collection and providing clarity over property rights in rural areas. This will open up avenues for applying for loans from financial institutions by the owners. Disputes related to property would also be settled through the title deeds allotted through this scheme.

Swamitva Scheme in PM Modi’s Words

While interacting with the Sarpanches across the nation in virtual mode, Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself explained the significance of Swamitva scheme. He said:

“You all know very well about the situation concerning properties in the villages. The Swamitva scheme is an attempt to correct this. Under this scheme, drones will be used to map the houses in all villages of the country. After that, the people of the villages will be given a ‘Title Deed’ for their property.”

“The people of the village will get many benefits with the Swamitva scheme. Firstly, it will remove the confusion surrounding the property. Secondly, it will help in a better planning of the development schemes in the village. Another big advantage will be that it will make the process of getting loans from banks easier in the villages just like the cities.”

“At present, this scheme is being implemented in 6 states- Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand on a pilot basis. We will gain experience from this practice and get to know where the issues need to be fixed and modifications have to be made. After making all the modifications, this scheme will be implemented across the country.”

Digitized Path to Transparency

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s governance in the last six years has shaped all the schemes in tune with the digital character. Irrespective of the scheme’s ambit in urban or rural spheres, this approach has brought in transparency. Now, the middlemen can’t siphon-off money in MGNREGA works because the assets created needs to be geo-tagged. The old corrupt way of showing the existence of houses and toilets only on paper is no longer possible because of the same reason that they need to be geo-tagged.

Another program along with Swamitva scheme that got launched is e- Gram Swaraj. Through this, every work of Panchayat will be brought on a single platform, so that the authority sitting in Delhi can also check the activities going on at the grassroots. This will not only enhance transparency in Gram Panchayats but will also help maintain records in an easier way and the process of planning and completion of projects will also move faster.

Swamitva scheme is promising to place the power in the hands of people by taking it away from the possible corrupt clutches within the administration.


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