Four major reforms that are improving India’s education sector
A lot has been said about teachers’ quality or lack of talented teachers in India. Here is a brief analysis of some of the measures, taken by the government, that aim at enhancing the quality of teachers. In addition to this, we also cover a less talked about the step of amending the NCTE Act to ensure a steady career path for many aspiring teachers.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya National Mission on Teachers & Training (PMMMNMTT)
On 25th December 2014, National Mission on Teachers and Training was launched with an outlay of INR 900 crores. Initially, the scheme was planned for three years from 2014-15 to 2016-17, however, it has been extended up to 2020.
The mission focusses on improving the quality of education by addressing issues related to teachers, teaching, preparation and professional development. It deals with the issues of supply of qualified teachers, making teaching profession a lucrative career option to attract more talent and also pursue a long-term vision of building a cadre of teachers.
Under the Scheme, 64 proposals have so far been approved from various Universities/Institutes from all over the country for setting up institutional arrangements for training of teachers.
Fund Released – Rs. 213.81 crore
Some of the already established Institutes are,
National Teachers Awards
In a unique government initiative, to bring in the transparency in the selection of teachers for awards, teachers have been allowed to nominate themselves online for National Teacher Awards.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) brought in a provision for self-nomination. A dedicated web-portal was launched for teachers to nominate themselves for the prestigious annual awards which gives public recognition to deserving teachers.
Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN)
GIAN is an initiative launched on 30th November 2015 to attract best international faculties or teachers into the country’s higher education institutions so as to provide Indian students & faculty with an opportunity to interact with them. GIAN courses are short duration courses, also recorded in video for subsequent use to be streamed live to take them to a larger audience.
Gian Courses conducted so far – 1,117 by 700 professors from 58 countries
Lok Sabha passed the NCTE(Amendment) Bill, 2017
Bringing much relief to students aspiring to be teachers, Government had introduced a bill in the Lok Sabha amending the National Council for Teacher Education Act, 1993.
The Lok Sabha passed the NCTE (Amendment) bill 2017 to grant retrospective recognition to those central or state government institutions which did not have NCTE approval for conducting teacher education courses.
This is a one-time measure to help thousands of students obtain proper certification from government recognised institutions.
With its likely passage in the Rajya Sabha and subsequent approval by the President of India, this reform will have a large scale positive impact as there are many such unrecognised institutions and future of many aspiring teachers remain in a quandary.