The news cycle of late is filled with Corona-related information, and the focus on border areas including how the world and India are responding to the global politics of China. Has this made the administration put all other schemes and developmental work on the backburner? The negative answer may give you all respite.
As we see in the instance of Pradhan Mantri Garib Rojgar Yojana, the activities like housing, sanitation, water conservation etc are receiving special attention. Further, progress in the Jal Jeevan Mission assures you that even amidst the pandemic, flagship programmes are performing to make India a better place.
Pandemic Has Not Deterred Jal Jeevan Mission
Just like the Swachh Bharat Mission made a huge impact in the first term of the Modi government with its record number of toilets in the rural side, the second term from the inception has put emphasis on providing tap water to every household. In the middle came this pandemic. Nevertheless, the programme of providing tap water is making steady progress.
- Launched in August 2019 and in 7 months of 2019-20, around 84.83 lakh rural households were provided tap connections.
- since Unlock-1, about 45 lakh tap connections have been provided so far in the year 2020-21. Which makes the daily average of 1 lakh connection.
- In 2020-21, a sum of ₹23,500 Crore has been allocated for the implementation of JJM.At present, more than ₹8,000 Crore of Central fund is available with the States/ UTs for the implementation of the Mission.
- Besides, 50% of 15th Finance Commission grants to Rural Local Bodies, i.e. ₹30,375 Crore have also been earmarked for water supply and sanitation. 50% of this amount has been released to States on July 15, 2020.
Towards the Goal
According to the Survey done by States, there are 19.04 Crore rural households in the country, out of which 3.23 Crore households are already provided tap connections. Remaining 15.81 Crore households are to be provided with tap connections. Thus, the objective is to cover approx. 16 Crore households in a time-bound manner while ensuring functionality of already provided connections. This means 3.2 Crore households are to be covered every year i.e. approx. 88,000 tap connections are to be provided on daily basis.
Priority Focus of Jal Jeevan Mission
The objective of the Mission is to leave no one. But in achieving the objective the vulnerable are given priority. Accordingly, States are giving priority to SC/ ST majority populated villages, aspirational districts, villages in drought prone and desert areas and quality-affected habitations.
Special focus is given to the districts affected with Japanese Encephalitis/ Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, and lack of clean drinking water has been identified as one of the reasons behind infant mortality in the affected districts.
Potable water supply to water quality-affected habitations is a top priority under JJM to prevent consumption of ground water laced with fluoride and arsenic. In the light of interim order of National Green Tribunal, States have to ensure piped water supply to all households in Arsenic and Fluoride affected habitations before December, 2020.
Transparency the Key Word
As with every scheme of the Modi government, measures of transparency are taken to ensure effective implementation. This ensures that all these numbers are not just for the record but materialise on the ground. How is this ensured? Every asset created is being geo-tagged, and connections are being linked with the ‘Aadhar’ of the ‘head of the household’. A dashboard indicating the progress of the Mission, up to the district level, has been created.