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Residue Disposal – How Haryana’s Action Brought Relief to Delhi’s Pollution

residue disposal

The residents of Delhi-NCR may agree that compared to previous years, the air quality has not become severe, though there are reports that in certain parts it remains in the poor category. The main reason cited for Delhi’s pollution in this season is stubble burning. On this front, it is now evident that farmers are willing to be part of the solution if they are provided with adequate resources. Our previous article Residue Burning Starts Again – Who Acted and Who Hasn’t? touched upon this issue and showed that there is very less residue burning from Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh this time.

Two States and Contrast

So, the takeaway is that there is indeed a way to tackle the stubble burning issue by taking farmers into confidence. If you look at recent reports, it becomes also easy to realize that while one administration has succeeded in this, another has failed to a larger extent. We limit the comparison to two states – Punjab and Haryana.

According to reports by ANI, Punjab farmers have expressed their helplessness since the government failed to provide alternative ways for residue disposal.

On the other hand, many reports suggest that the state of Haryana managed to help farmers in finding the alternative residue disposal method so that they don’t burn stubble.

In August 2020 The Indian Express reported- To tackle stubble burning, Haryana to roll out ₹1,304 crore plan. As the report noted, the effort involved many aspects such as distributing equipment for crop residue management, establishing Custom Hiring Centres (CHCs) and establishing dedicated control room at state headquarters, incentive of ₹100 per quintal to non-Basmati growers for crop residue management within seven days, establishment of straw bailer units to promote ex-situ management etc.

Haryana Govt’s Resolve and Action

Haryana made progress in all these aspects back in 2019 itself. The impact of this is perhaps evidently felt in New Delhi this year.

The Chief Minister of Haryana also claimed that they have found the way in which residue is no longer treated as waste.