Fact Check

PMKVY: Stumbling or Stabilizing?

How Modi’s Flagship Skill India Project Stumbled Hard in Its First Year

The Wire, May 11, 2017

The article criticises the Central government’s flagship skill development scheme — the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) — and raises concerns about the low placement under the scheme as well as the poor functioning of the Sector Skill Councils (SSCs).


The article ignores the fact that the PMKVY programme is a long-term project and a work in progress. Efforts to improve its efficacy are ongoing, taking lessons from the experience so far.


  • Improved placement at 12.4 per cent in 2015-16 under PMKVY, as compared to 8.5 per cent in Standard Training Assessment and Reward (STAR) scheme in 2014-15
  • In PMKVY’s second phase, National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has made efforts to improve the quality of assessments and certification at SSCs
  • Aadhaar-Enabled Biometric Attendance System (AEBAS) made a pre-requisite to prevent irregularity in enrolments and attendance
  • Learning from the first phase, NSDC has laid out norms to improve quality of assessments & certification to make PMKVY more effective
  • These norms include improved training of trainers

The above facts appear to belie the claim that the PMKVY has stumbled hard. On placement, in comparative terms, the PMKVY’s record is better than STAR’s. While the gaps in the functioning of the SSCs are emphasised, it is also true that any largescale project needs time to finetune its processes. As it happens, steps have been taken to improvise and improve the functioning of the SSCs, with an eye to enhancing the quality of training and increase the number of placements.


  • Long-term vision, PMKVY a work in progress
  • NSDC has taken steps to increase efficiency
  • Emphasis on improving training of trainers
  • AEBAS pre-requisite for preventing irregularities

The goal of the PMKVY is to create a cohesive training ecosystem that leads to mass-scale employment and entrepreneurship. The recent initiatives taken by the NSDC are aimed at improving the functioning of the SSCs.