Though the security forces were given a free-hand ever since the Modi government came to power in Centre, arguably there were still some local hurdles. With the abrogation of Article 370, the remaining hurdles for security forces got cleared. One year after the action against Article 370 has seen an unprecedented offensive against terrorists.
Glimpse of An All-out Offensive
As the Ministry of Home Affairs revealed in the Parliament, since the abrogation of article in August 05, 2019 till February 2020, there has been a 73% decrease in the martyrdom of security force personnel in J&K.
One need to put this alongside with the headlines about terrorists being hunted down in the valley. Post Article 370, 78 terrorists killed in January-May this year, says the news report in The Hindu dated June 16, 2020.
6 terrorists were killed in Jammu and Kashmir in 24 hours, reported the Hindustan Times on July 19, 2020.
2 terrorists were killed in Srinagar’s Ranbirgarh encounter as reported by Zee News on July 25, 2020.
The number of Kashmiri youths joining terrorist ranks has dropped more than 40 per cent since the 5th August decision. Terrorist related incidents declined to 120 from 188 during this period. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) also reported that the shelf life of terrorists, the time frame to survive has greatly reduced due to back to back operations.
One can go on citing examples; the fact is that after the abrogation of Article 370, Jammu and Kashmir has remained no longer the playground of terrorists.
Cracking Down on Terror Financing
In a major crackdown on terror funding, National Investigation Agency (NIA) conducted raids across the Kashmir valley in 2019. It arrested Jammu-Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) chief Yasin Malik, separatists Asiya Andrabi, Shabir Shah and Masarat Alam Bhat, and filed acharge sheet against them for criminal conspiracy and carrying out terrorist activities in Jammu and Kashmir. Former J&K MLA Rashid Engineer has also been named in the charge sheet. NIA has also claimed that the accused were in touch with people from across the border in Pakistan.
In a supplementary charge sheet, NIA also has clearly established the role of the Pakistan High Commission in supporting separatists through financial conduits and creating unrest in Kashmir through the transfer of funds.
NSA Ajit Doval actually lauded NIA for its efforts to target terror funding in the valley and added that NIA’s investigation into money laundering in Kashmir has made the biggest impact on cracking down terrorism in J&K.
Justice Denied is Delivered Now
After a delay of almost 3 decades, trial resumed on the 11th of September, 2019 at a TADA court in Jammu against JKLF chief Yasin Malik for his involvement in the gruesome 1990 Indian Air Force personnel killings. Yasin Malik is currently in Tihar Jail in a separate terror funding case.
Special public prosecutor in the case Pavitar Singh Bhardwaj expressed hope that the cases against Yasin Malik will now be taken to their logical conclusion, adding that there was no political will on part of successive governments earlier to bring Yasin Malik to justice.
Ironically, senior leaders of Congress like PC Chacko have actually lauded Yasin Malik for his bravery in not surrendering to the Government. Union Government led by PM Modi has actually empowered NIA to proceed against Yasin Malik for this gruesome murder.
Thus, the impact of Abrogation of Article 370 on terrorism is very evident. When the crackdown on terror is coupled with the development in the region the new dawn really arrives. That is what is happening in J&K.