The New Education Policy (NEP) has been approved by the Cabinet on July 29, 2020. The last revised education policy dates back to 1992. As the draft NEP indicated, it has brought several changes from school to college level. The Ministry of Human Resource Development will be called the Education Ministry, to begin with. The traditional bifurcation of arts, science, and commerce is rooted out, and now one can study physics and music alongside. Here are the major changes.
- A multiple entry and exit programme introduced in higher education. One can take break and re-join from where he/she left.
- Multidisciplinary system introduced. There will be no water-tight compartments like art, commerce, and science.
- Undergrad autonomy, academic, administrative, and financial autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation. The common Entrance exam for all higher education institutes to be held by NTA. The exam will be optional and not mandatory.
- Standalone Higher Education Institutes and professional education institutes will be evolved into multi-disciplinary education. Special education zones for disadvantaged regions. Govt to set-up a National Technology Forum to impart knowledge online.
- National Research Foundation to support research-based studies including in social sciences.
- Technology will be used with every child taken along, e-content in regional languages starting with 8 major languages – Kannada, Odia, Bengali among others to join the e-courses available in Hindi and English.
- On language front, focus will be given to bring scientific literature to Indian languages.
- National Education Technology Forum for coming together of educationists, private sector, and all stakeholders. The virtual lab facility will be strengthened.
- 5+3+3+4 education system will be introduced. The 10+2 system will be divided into 5+3+3+4 format. The first five years of the school will comprise of the foundation stageincluding three years of pre-primary school and classes 1 and class 2. The next three years will be divided into a preparatory stage from classes 3 to 5. Later three years of middle stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12).
- There will be multidisciplinary provision. This means, for example, one can learn physics and music together if that person wants. From 6 itself coding will be taught; focus will be on skills and mathematical thinking. Co-curriculum subjects like sports, vocational, arts, commerce, science, everything will be at the same level. Students can opt for courses as per choice.
- There will be an opportunity for children to learn local skills through internship like carpenter, sculptor etc.,
- Board examination will be based on knowledge application not writing the by-hearted lessons.
- The report card will be evaluated in multiple phases. Self-evaluation of student, evaluation by co-students, parents, and teachers.
- Teachers benchmark will be tested.