In the ongoing election, political parties and leaders have focussed on first-time and youth voters. The reason for this has been the youth bulge of India which is also sometimes referred to as the demographic dividend. In other words, India’s demography has a large chunk of youth population. Interestingly, Indian youth appears to have unwavering confidence in the current leadership of the country, especially Prime Minister Modi. What is the reason for such support to PM Modi? Have PM Modi’s policies been able to bring about a change in their lives?
We list out the reasons as to why Indian youth is more optimistic about their future than ever before.
In a country where youth has systematically been encouraged to complete education and take up a job, PM Modi’s start-up scheme has been nothing short of a disruption. India has seen a flourishing start up culture in last 5 years. The change has been so significant that many youths are not interested in taking up jobs and are rather striving to set up their own enterprises. The government of India itself has so far recognised more than 16,000 start-ups so far. With a start-up and business-friendly government, the disclosed start-up funding rose from mere $1.6 Bn in 2013 to more than $ 13 Bn in 2017. It’s almost an 8-times growth in less than 4 years.
Apart from encouraging an enterprising culture, the job creation for youth is also an important contribution to the growth journey of the country. According to a Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) survey of March 2019, about 6 crore jobs were added to MSMEs sector in the last 4 years. Then according to the Employee Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO), about 73.5 lakh net new subscribers were added between September 2017 and November 2018. This shows the increasing formalisation of the economy. Even in the field of automotive, IT-BPM, retail and textiles, NASSCOM report suggests 1.4 crore jobs were added between 2014 and 2017.
Youth have immense potential and energy provided if it is channelized in the right direction. India is witnessing a transformation in its sports culture, especially in terms of sports infrastructure in the country. A National Sports University is being set up at Manipur. Khelo India Games are being organised to identify grassroots talent. The selected athletes are being given financial assistance of Rs. 5 lakh per year for 8 years so that their talent is nurtured and they can become world-class athletes. This sort of assistance was missing in the previous governments. Many talented players couldn’t come up, only because they didn’t have enough financial backing to support themselves.
With increasing population of youth in the country, Indian government needs to expand the number of education institutions in the country, especially for higher education. Towards this end, Modi government has not only scaled up the numbers but also pushed the speed of the construction of these institutes. We have explained this in one of our earlier articles in much detail. In the last 5 years, the following are the institutes which have either been established, or made operational.
- 141 universities
- 7 Indian Institutes of Technologies (IIT)
- 7 Indian Institute of Management (IIM)
- 2 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER)
- 14 Indian Institute of Information Technologies (IIIT)
- 1 National Institute of Technology (NIT)
- 14 All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
- 4 National Institute of Design (NID)
- 103 Kendriya Vidyalayas
- 62 Navodaya Vidyalayas
Government has also moved towards declaring 20 institutes as ‘Institute of Eminence’ (IOE). This will help the country developing some world-class institutes.
Indian Youth have for long been fed up with defensive policies of the government especially towards Pakistan-sponsored terrorism in the country. It is the young spirit of the country which is shaken the most when a terror attack happens on the soil of the nation and the country is not even able to give a befitting reply.
In this respect, PM Modi has boosted their confidence by allowing armed forces to undertake extra-ordinary daredevilry to respond to Pakistan-sponsored terrorists.
Therefore, the reasons are very much clear as to why PM Modi enjoys the confidence and support of the youth in the country. The results of Lok Sabha election on May 23 will not only decide the fate of the Modi government but also the direction which the Indian youth will take thereafter.