#Viral Explained National

Transforming Varanasi: How Things have Changed in the Last 4 Years

Varanasi after Narendra Modi

Ever since the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) from Varanasi, this ancient heritage city has not looked backward. PM Modi has unleashed a series of development projects in Varanasi which has not only transformed the city’s landscape but also brought in ‘ease of living’ for the people living in the city. Here is an in-depth analysis of how Varanasi has developed over the last 4 years.

  • Ring Road Project – 70 years after independence, Varanasi for the first time got a 16.55 km-long ring road which will make movement across the city a lot easier and will help in decongestion of roads. The first phase of this project is already completed and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 12, 2018.
  • Airport Road – Prime Minister has also dedicated a four-lane 17.25 km Varanasi- Babatpur highway to the people of Varanasi. This highway connects the city with the airport.


Image: Highway Projects in Varanasi inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi  

Inland Waterway Terminal
  • Varanasi Terminal – Prime Minister Modi inaugurated India’s first multi-modal inland waterway terminal on November 12, 2018. This terminal is first of the four terminals being developed on the National Waterway-1 (Haldia-Kolkata to Varanasi). This terminal recently received a cargo container (having food and beverages) which started sailing from Kolkata on October 30, 2018.

Image: Inland Waterway Terminal

  • Atal Incubation Centre (AIC) – It has been set up at the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) to promote the spirit of entrepreneurship among the youth of Varanasi. This has given a boost to Start-up India campaign led by the Prime Minister himself.

Image: Atal Incubation Centre, Varanasi                                 Source: Amar Ujala

  • Vedic Science Centre – Foundation for country’s first centre to conduct research and study of Vedic texts has been laid at Banaras Hindu University. This centre will explore the bridge between modern science and ancient Indian wisdom.
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) – Institute of Medical Sciences (IMS), BHU has been accorded the status of AIIMS and is being upgraded on the lines of a super-speciality and tertiary care hospital like AIIMS.
  • Regional Ophthalmology Centre, Varanasi – Prime Minister Narendra Modi has already laid the foundation of this ophthalmology centre. Banaras Hindu University had an eye centre which was inaugurated by former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. Varanasi will now have much expanded regional centre.
  • Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital (HBCH) – An existing Railways’ Cancer Hospital in Varanasi has been upgraded to a world class (180 beds capacity) cancer hospital by Tata Trusts, named as Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital. It is interesting to note that this takeover by Tata Trusts is at the behest of Varanasi parliamentarian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Image: Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital, Varanasi                       Source: The Hindu

  • Madan Mohan Malviya Cancer Centre – This yet another cancer centre with 250 beds capacity is being developed in Varanasi. This along with Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital will provide huge relief to the people of Uttar Pradesh and Varanasi who had to travel all the way up to Mumbai to get the cancer treatment.
  • Trauma Centre – A 334 bed capacity centre has been set up in Varanasi which was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This trauma centre provides great relief to the people of eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar who used to travel all the way to the national capital in the absence of such a facility in the region.
  • Trade Facilitation Centre and Crafts Museum, Varanasi – This centre named as Deendayal Hastkala Sankulhas have been inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2017, the foundation for this was laid down by PM in 2014. The centre would help artisans and weavers to showcase their skills to the world, and at the same time will increase exports and attract tourists.

Graphics: Trade Facilitation Centre, Varanasi                          Source: Handloom.nic.in

Swacch & Sundar Varanasi
  • Ghats – Varanasi is known for its ghats along the banks of the Ganga River. Earlier, in the absence of attention from the administration, these ghats remained dirty and were covered with plastic waste. After a push by the Swachh Bharat Mission and Prime Minister personally wielding a broom at Assi Ghat in Varanasi, almost all the ghats in Varanasi have now been cleaned and also got a makeover. Varanasi recently ranked 32nd in the Central Government’s list of clean cities in India.

Image: Assi Ghat, Varanasi                                                            Source: Mint

  • Underground Cabling – Defying the challenge of undergrounding the cables in the dense areas of old city of Varanasi, a project under Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) scheme has helped in making the city ‘wireless’.

Image: Kabir Nagar, Varanasi after underground cabling work   Source: Amar Ujala

  • Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) – Fast increasing the existing capacity of sewage treatment in Varanasi, Modi government is building three new Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs) at Dinapur (140 million litres daily), Goitha (120 million litres daily) and Ramana (50 million litres daily) in Varanasi. This will take the total capacity of sewage treatment to 412 million litres daily (MLD). The STP projects are almost in the advance stage of completion. Once completed, total sewage treatment capacity thus created will be able to meet the demand until 2035.
Sansad Gram Yojana
  • Jayapura – Ever since Prime Minister Narendra Modi has adopted this village under ‘Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana’, the life of people residing here has changed for the better. Below pictures of the village speak for themselves.


Images: Jayapura Village adopted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi             Source: Patrika/Indian Express     

  • Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) – To ensure 24*7 power supply across the nation, including his own constituency Varanasi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the IPDS scheme from Varanasi in the year 2014. The power cables in the city have already gone underground as explained above. All the efforts are being put in to ensure 24*7 power supply in the city.
  • Clean energy – With an additional advantage of beatification, Varanasi has seen the installation of LED lights in a big way. All the Ghats in Varanasi are now glowing with LED lights. Even the streets in Varanasi have also got 38,000 LED streetlights in the city. These are not only helping in energy conservation but also in reducing the government expenditure on electricity.
  • Varanasi Cantt Station – It has been given a complete makeover with beautiful lights, escalators and other facilities.

Source: Patrika

  • Manduadih Station–This Railway station in Varanasi has been upgraded to ease the footfall in Varanasi Cantt Station.

Image: Manduadih Railway Station, Varanasi                  Source: DRM Varanasi

  • All the above projects like construction of roads, inland waterways terminal, development of infrastructure and beautification of the city are helping in the promotion of tourism in Varanasi. Visits by international leaders like Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and French President Emmanuel Macron shows the importance that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given to this ancient heritage city of India.

People of Varanasi elected Narendra Modi as their representative (MP) to restore this ancient city back to its glory. Their dreams are now becoming a reality.