The state of Haryana has shown that it has successfully fought the gap in sex ratio at birth with consistency and made the place much better for the daughters. The nodal officer for ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ in the state has released a data that says, Haryana has registered an increase of 52 points in sex ratio at birth in the last five years, from 871 girls for every 1,000 boys in 2014 to 923 girls in 2019.
The Significance of Haryana’s Achievement
It should be recalled that the flagship programme of the Modi government ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ was launched from Haryana’s Panipat back in 2015. Haryana had a worrying record in CSR for a long time and it is noteworthy that the government launched a battle of sorts against this disparity. With Haryana showcasing such a significant improvement in the five years, India can claim that it is winning this battle. All India performance has also been inspiring as the sex ratio at birth (SRB) has risen from 923 girls per 1,000 boys to 931 girls per 1,000 boys in the four years between 2015-16 and 2018-19. You can read more about India’s performance in BBBP in our previous article Beti Bachao is Working, Says the Data.
How Haryana Ensured Life for Daughters
The way in which Haryana fought vigorously against female foeticide gives India a model and a hope that grave problems can be overcome with persistent and systematic effort. What did Haryana do to improve sex ratio at birth?
Crackdown against female foeticide: Haryana has not only ensured that there is no place for sex determination centers within the state but also clamped down those in the adjoining states. It has effectively utilised provisions in the PCPNDT Act and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, the laws which existed for long but lacked effective implementation.
- Around 25,000 girls were saved from being killed during last five years.
- In 5 years, more than 730 FIRs were registered, including 185 in UP, Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand.
- Around 2,000 people were arrested in the crackdown against female
Haryana’s fight against female foeticide has found the reflection in various media reports.
District-focused Action: It is very much evident that Haryana focused on its districts with lower performance in sex at birth ratio and spent its energy to address the ground situation.
The officials said, “the majority of the districts, which had a low sex ratio of below 900 for decades, are now placed better with the sex ratio of over 920. Panchkula and Ambala districts have recorded sex ratios 963 and 959, respectively, which is better than the ideal sex ratio of 950 as per public health experts.”
Mahendragarh district, which used to register the lowest sex ratio at birth in the state, has improved by 172 points. The improvement is from 745 in 2014 to 917 in 2019.
With strategy and exemplary implementation Haryana has shown the way to secure the lives of daughters. If a ‘last-bencher’ can address the problem so effectively, those who are already ahead can find inspiration and excel in fighting the imbalance in sex ratio at birth.