Northeast India was always considered a remote and inaccessible area which was devoid of development due to ‘tyranny of distance’. Successive governments since 1947 didn’t pay much heed to the needs of Northeast India. Narendra Modi led government is different.
When we talk of development in northeast, all we hear is about infrastructure, railways, bridges, airports and how Northeast is now the gateway to Southeast Asia. But this is happening at the macro level. Is the life of common people changing? Has the quality of life improved since Narendra Modi took over in 2014? Let us have a look.
Rural Sanitation Coverage under Swachh Bharat
Before 2014, most states were between 50-60% coverage. This indicates the bad situation they were in terms of health and cleanliness. The situation has changed now. All 8 states have 100% rural sanitation coverage.
|State||Sanitation Coverage as on 2nd October 2014 (%)||Sanitation Coverage as on 2nd Oct 2019 (%)|
Houses constructed under PM Awas Yojana- Gramin
The biggest victim of underdevelopment is housing. Everyone wants a roof over their head. Schemes existed during UPA days too. Hence for comparison, if we see houses constructed between 2010-2014 and 2014-18, we find Modi government built more than three times the houses than UPA. If we add 2018-19 and calculate the absolute number of houses built in the five years of Modi government, it turn out to be 7.27 lakh houses.
|State||Houses constructed from 2010-2011 to 2013-14||Houses constructed from 2014-15 to 2017-18||Houses Constructed in five years
2014-15 to 2018-19
PM Ujjwala Yojana
PM Narendra Modi remarked that he saw his mother being troubled by the toxic fumes of firewood hearths (Chulha). This is the genesis of Ujjwala Yojana which aims to make kitchens smokeless and women healthy. Northeast India hasn’t been far behind with 42 lakh LPG connections being installed.
|State||LPG Connections as on 7th Sept 2019|
Electrification under Saubhagya
All the states have recorded 100% electrification status, showing that entire northeast has been illuminated.
Jan Dhan Accounts
Financial inclusion was always a challenge in northeast. When even roads were not built properly, it seemed impossible for people to open accounts in banks and save in accounts. Modi government did the impossible. The push through Jan Dhan accounts has led to almost 2 crore accounts being opened. The people have deposited more than Rs 5000 crores, which is not a small amount for smaller states of Northeast.
|State||Number of accounts as on 6th Nov 2019||Balance in Beneficiary Account (in crores)|
|Total||1,93,06,729 accounts||5,103.87 crores|
Direct Benefit Transfer
Who says NE India is remote? DBT has transferred money directly to the beneficiaries. Apna Adhikar, Apne Dwar is the tagline aptly applicable for the people of northeast. Almost Rs 16000 crores have been transferred since 2016-17 directly in the pocket of people.
|State||Amount Transferred from 2016-17 till June 2019
(in Rs crores)
Mudra Loans Sanctioned
Northeast India has a lot of business potential in tourism, medicine, craft, food processing and bamboo industry. But access to credit was a problem due to lack of collateral. Modi government ensured funding for budding enterprises in North-east through Mudra, a sure shot way of employment generation and poverty alleviation.
|State||Number of loans sanctioned
From 2015-16 till 2019-20 (provisional)
|Amount Released (in crores)
From 2015-16 till 2019-20 (provisional)
i.e more than 83 lakh
Ayushman Bharat: Ensuring a Healthy Northeast India
Northeast India was always in news for falling parameters of tribal health and lack of good healthcare due to affordability issues. Ayushman Bharat has helped to change this scenario as the number of treatments and amount disbursed in one year since its launch has been remarkable.
|State||Number of claims submitted till Sept 2019||Claim amount submitted till Sept 2019
|Rs 164.24 crores|
After seeing the above data, it is apparent that the standard of living has been raised in the northeast in the last five years. Any guesses why the NDA won 17 out of 25 seats in Northeast region?