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On Constitution Day, Recalling Six Moves That Upheld the Spirit of Constitution

constitution day

Right after being unanimously elected as Leader of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), Prime Minister Narendra Modi rose and proceeded before the Constitution of India book being displayed in the Central Hall of the Parliament and bowed before it, showing his respect and admiration for the Constitution of India and the rich legacy it carries.

Addressing the Parliament on the 70th anniversary of Constitution Day, PM Modi described the Constitution in two simple terms, Dignity for Indians and Unity for India and that these two mantras have been fulfilled by our Constitution, keeping the citizens’ dignity supreme and the unity and integrity of the whole of India intact.

Since 2014, every action of Modi government has only been to further these two mantras. On 71st Constitution Day, which is also celebrated as National Law Day, let us look at how the Modi Government has upheld the spirit of constitution alive through its various amendments.

Extending Reservation of Seats for STs and SCs in Lok Sabha and State Assembly

Modi Government introduced the 126th Constitutional Amendment Bill that seeks to extend the reservation accorded to Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies by ten more years unanimously. The government reaffirmed that it remains committed to continuing reservation, and expressed its unwavering commitment towards the empowerment of our citizens, especially the marginalised.

Action Against Article 370 Fulfils the Vision of Syama Prasad Mukherjee

Strongly opposing the imposition of Article 370, freedom fighter and national icon Syama Prasad Mukherjee had given the clarion call of Ek Ek desh mein do Vidhan, do Pradhan aur Do Nishan nahi chalenge” (A single country can’t have two constitutions, two prime ministers, and two national emblems).

Fulfilling his and Sardar Patel’s dream of a United India, the Modi government moved to revoke the ‘temporary’ provision of Article 370, ending a discriminatory regime which was alienating people and fully integrating Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh into India.

Discriminatory provisions against women, Scheduled Tribes, Valmikis, Gurkhas and many others present in Article 370 and 35A have been removed. Democracy in Jammu and Kashmir is being deepened, and Ladakh’s 70 year demand for separate UT has been fulfilled, West Pakistan Refugees, Safai Karmacharis and children of women married outside Jammu and Kashmir are finally being given domicile rights.

Indigenous language of the region like Kashmiri and Dogri have also been recognised as state language contributing to all round development of the Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh.

Progress of Economically Weaker Sections of Society Ensured

Poverty is the worst form of disability that takes away the chances of many youths from attending higher educational institutions or shaping their career in civil services. Conducting a virtual surgical strike against this inequality, Modi Government moved a Constitutional amendment to provide 10% reservation in government jobs and educational institutions for economically weaker sections. The reservation of up to 10% for “economically weaker sections” in educational institutions and public employment will be in addition to the existing reservation.

Ensuring Social Empowerment and Justice to All Sections of Society

To help the backward classes people fight atrocities against them and ensure quick justice to them, Constitutional Status was granted to National Commission of Backward Classes to further the inclusive nature of Indian Constitution and contributing to the overall empowerment of Backward classes.

GST-One Nation One Tax

Facilitating the formalisation of Indian Economy as well as simplifying the ease of doing business in India, Goods and services Tax (GST) was introduced in India via the 101st Constitutional amendment. GST has replaced a host of state level taxes and cesses realising the goal of One Nation One Tax and put more money in hands of public and facilitated formalisation of the economy.

Bangladesh Land Boundary Agreement

Resolving a long-standing dispute and contributing to better relations with a neighbour with which we share long standing historical ties, India signed a historical Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh by passing the 101st Constitutional Amendment Act in 2015.

4,000 km long border has been clearly demarcated with exchange of over 200 tiny enclaves on each side and clarifying the national identities of over 52,000 people living in these enclaves.