Some trade unions have called for Bharat Bandh on January 8 & 9, 2019, to press for their demands and concerns related to labour laws, job security, and privatization. Nevertheless, the Modi Government has implemented many steps that have effectively strengthened the labour force over the last 4.5 years. From time to time the government has taken steps to address the concerns of the labour force and especially made progress in labour law reforms as explained in our article, Are Labour Reforms Still No-Go? Let’s Check Some of the Facts.
The Challenge in Labour Law Reforms
The intricacies of the labour reforms can be understood by the fact that they are in the concurrent list involving both Centre and State government. No other government previously took interest in this simplification of labour laws. It was the Modi Government that took initial steps to end the license-permit raj in the country.
Modi Government after assuming the office has begun the process of rationalising 38 Labour Acts by framing four labour codes, which are:
- Code on Wages;
- Code on Industrial Relations;
- Code on Social Security; and
- Code on Occupational Safety, Health, and Working Conditions.
The provisions of the Draft Code were discussed with relevant stakeholders in various tripartite meetings (Industry, Trade Unions and Government) and were finalized. At present, the Code is at the Pre-legislative Stage. Whether it is a wage increase, or for enhancing social security to the labour force, or for easing the lives of workers, there are pertinent efforts to showcase in each sphere.
The below infographic gives the entire picture of Labour Reforms: