In our series on Modi Government’s Four Years, we have done a close assessment of all the schemes and policy changes brought by this government in the last four years. We started with a piece on small policy changes that made a big impact and then went on to provide a sector-wise analysis of the last four years. In our last piece from this series, we assess the scale of transformation of this government in pure facts and numbers.
The reason why we are talking about numbers is that the pace and scale at which the government initiatives have been carried out by Modi government is unprecedented. We present you with 20 hard-hitting facts:
The percentage of adults having access to bank accounts increased from 53% in 2014 to 80% in 2017.
The pace of increase in the number of bank account holders can be attributed to Jan Dhan Yojana, the flagship financial inclusion program of the present government. In the last four years, more than 31 crore new accounts were opened.
The number of new Jan Dhan bank accounts (31 crore+) opened in the last four years is almost equal to the whole US population.
31.73 crore new bank accounts were opened under Jan Dhan Yojana. The number of people who were provided with access to banking in the last four years is about equal to the population of US.
So, the number of beneficiaries of a scheme started just four years is equal to the population of the third most populated country of the world. This speaks volumes about the scale of transformation under the present government.
Solar energy capacity increased by over 8 times from 2.63 GW in 2014 to 22 GW in 2018.
This shows how India is readying up for the future, realizing the potential of renewable energy. With its commitment to act with regard to climate change on global platform and with the International Solar Alliances, India is assuming leadership position for eco-friendly energy initiatives.
There were only two mobile phone manufacturing units in 2014, which increased to 120 mobile phone manufacturing units in 2018.
It signifies the good health of manufacturing sector in India. 4.5 lakh direct jobs, 3 lakh indirect jobs have been created from this manufacturing leap. India has become the second largest producer of mobile phones in the world after China, as per data shared by Indian Cellular Association on April 2018.
Railway electrification more than tripled from 491.36 RKM per year under UPA (2003-04 to 2013-14) to 1607.5 RKM per year under present government (2014-15 to 2017-18).
Indian Railways forms the backbone of transportation in India. The average railway electrification for ten years under UPA rule from 2003-04 to 2013-14 was 491.36 Route Kilometres (RKM) per year. This number more than tripled to 1607.5 RKM per year under the present NDA government.
Merely 59 Gram Panchayats were connected by optical fibre cable from 2011 to 2014. Between 2014 to 2018, as many as 1.15 lakh Gram Panchayats have been connected by optical fibre.
Connecting rural India with fibre network is a foundation for future transformation. Once the Gram Panchayats get internet connection, digitisation of records takes place thereby bringing transparency. Common Service Centre can be made functional in remote villages with this connectivity. In a way, this connectivity has potential of taking the governance to the doorsteps of villagers.
Civilians killed in Islamist Terrorist Attacks Outside J&K, Punjab And Northeast dropped from above 80 per year under UPA rule to 0.5 per year in the last four years of Modi government.
According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) data, more than 80 civilians were killed per year in Islamist Terrorist Attacks Outside J&K, Punjab And Northeast under ten years of UPA rule. More than 700 civilians were killed in this period.
In the present NDA rule, four civilians were killed in the last four years. From 80 civilians killed per year under UPA rule, this number dropped to 0.5 per year in the last four years of Modi government. This is a considerable achievement under the present government.
For the first time Northeast India is integrated with the rest of India with the entire rail network converted to Broad Gauge.
For people from Northeast India, connectivity has been a major issue. The area has suffered from neglect of successive governments over decades since independence. This has changed with the entire rail network being converted to broad gauge. Rail connectivity has been established with Meghalaya (Dudhnoi-Mendipathar), Tripura (Kumarghat-Agartala) and Mizoram (Kathakal-Bhairabi). Train connectivity has also been established between Itanagar and Silchar to Delhi.
India has emerged as the world’s third largest aviation market. There were 75 operational airports in India since Independence. The present government added 25 airports in the past four years.
Air transportation was an aspiration for a lot of people. This has completely changed in the last four years. The number of airports has gone up with 25 airports being added only in the past four years. The UDAN (Udey Desh ka Aam Nagrik) scheme provides regional air connectivity to unserved and underserved airports at a subsidized fare of Rs. 2,500 per hour. As a result, air traffic has increased and has put India on the map of world aviation. At the same time, it has fulfilled the aspirations of the middle-class population.
The UPA era was ridden with coal scams and loss of revenue due to arbitrary allocation of coal blocks and lack of transparency.
In the tenure of the present government, e-auction & allocation of erstwhile-scam ridden 84 coal blocks led to Rs 3.94 lakh crore potential revenue for coal-rich states in lifetime.
Since coal-fuelled thermal energy has the biggest share in India’s power structure, this reform is significant for India’s energy security. In 2014, two-thirds of major power plants had critical coal stocks of less than 7 days. Today, there is no shortage of coal. Domestic coal production has increased. Highest ever coal production increase of 9.2 crores tonnes was seen in the period 2014-17. Coal import also seen decreasing trend under NDA rule, registering huge savings for the exchequer.
4.1 crore women from BPL households got LPG connections in just a matter of two years.
Pradhan Mantri UJJWALA Yojana was launched on May 1, 2016. Among other things, the massive health benefit it bestowed in such a small time. As per a WHO report, smoke inhaled by women from unclean fuel is equivalent to burning 400 cigarettes in an hour. It had also estimated that about 5 lakh deaths in India are due to unclean cooking fuels.
India has around 24 crores household out of which 41 percent households i.e. about 10 crores households were still dependent on fossil fuel for cooking when the scheme started. Now, with the LPG connection government has not only ensured the health of 4.1 crore households but has empowered the women in other way as the time spent in collection of bio fuels has totally been saved which enabled her to indulge in economic activities.
Under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), rural road connectivity has increased from 55% of rural habitations in March 2014 to more than 85%.
PMGSY is the flagship scheme for rural road connectivity. Out of 1,78,184 eligible habitations, 97,838 (55%) were connected as of March 2014. In a matter of only four years, the increase of more than 30% points shows the speed at which roads have been built in the last four years. Today, the coverage is more than 85% of the eligible habitations.
Under UJALA, over 30 crore LED bulbs have been distributed. More than Rs 15,000 crore have been saved through this scheme.
This initiative gives a credible leadership position to India at the international stage as the move is greatly beneficial to the cause of climate change. The fact that countries like UK, Malaysia have been adopting the UJALA model speaks volume about India’s capacity. Since EESL, a public energy service company procured and distributed the LED bulbs in bulk, price of LED bulbs ranged from Rs 350 to Rs 450 came down to Rs 70 once UJALA came into the picture.
Amount disbursed under MUDRA loans is at Rs 6 lakh crore, which is almost equal to Sri Lanka’s GDP.
Again, another interesting fact about MUDRA is the amount of loans disbursed under the scheme, which is at Rs 6 lakh crore. This is almost equal to the GDP of the neighbouring country Sri Lanka.
Only 55 camps for Divyangs conducted pre-2014 whereas over 6000 camps have been conducted in the last four years.
Government’s commitment towards social inclusion is evident by this measure. Differently abled people have been subject to neglect for long and this government has brought the policy focus to the community with the initiatives like Accessible India.
A historic rise of 80.5% in tax compliance from 2013-14 to 2017-18.
|Financial Year||ITRs Filed (in crore)|
Implementation of economic reforms like GST and demonetisation has driven the country towards a more formal economy. The number of ITRs filed after demonetisation has increased exponentially when compared to the years pre-demonetisation. During the financial year 2017-18, 6.84 crore ITRs were filed, it is a growth of 26% as compared to 5.43 crore ITRs filed during 2016-17.
FDI Equity inflow witnessed a sharp upward trend
|Year||Amount of FDI (US$ Billion)|
A total FDI of US $ 61.96 billion has been received during the financial year 2017-18. This itself is an all-time record.
The government of India has approved many amendments in the FDI policy to make it more investor-friendly. These reforms are intended to liberalize the FDI policy in order to provide ease of doing business in the country.
India’s contribution to world GDP increased from 2.6% in 2014 to 3.1% in 2017. In the same time period, India also climbed from 10th biggest economy in 2014 to the third biggest at present.
As per data available with World Bank, India’s contribution to world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at current prices increased from 2.6% in 2014 to 3.1% in 2017. Also, back in 2014, India’s economy was the 10th biggest in the world in terms of GDP. It now stands at as the third biggest economy in the world.
India leapt 42 places and ranked 100th in Ease of Doing Business Ranking
India made a historical progress in 2018 by securing 100th place in the World Bank’s ‘Ease of Doing Business’ ranking. India ranked 142nd rank in 2014. This reflects the investors’ confidence in the Indian economy. The CEO of the World Bank has complimented the Indian government for its resolve to take difficult decisions and translate them into remarkable progress.
Total number of toilets built from 2014-2018 is more than total toilets built between 1947-2014.
On October 2, 2014, the rural sanitation coverage was at 38.7%. On June 8, 2018 the rural sanitation coverage crossed the 85% mark. Over 3.8 lakh villages and 391 districts have been declared Open Defecation Free. The household toilets built in the period of 1947 to 2014 stood at 6.37 crores, whereas Modi government has built over 7.42 crore household toilets till date, in just four years.